EN ISO 20471
This standard specifies PPE Clothing used where the wearer
needs to be visible at day and night and where there is a risk from moving
This standard has three different levels covering three
different risks and the maximum level is class 3. The figure below indicates
the area of fluorescent and reflective material within the garment. To certify
and CE mark a garment with this symbol, it must achieve one of these levels.
The fabric and reflective tape is tested after 5 laboratory washes. The design
of the garment is also a parameter in the CE marking of High Visibility
Material area in m² Class 1 Class 2 Class 3
Fluorescent 0,14 0,50 0,80
Reflective 0,10 0,13 0,20
If a garment is certified as a class 3 system it is
indicated with the below symbols on the inside CE-label.
RIS-3279-TOM ISS 1 (GO/RT 3279)
Railway Group High-Visibility Standard for UK. Defining the
High-Visibility orange and the design of the garment i.e. fully fluorescent
orange, no contrast colour and defined placement of the reflective tape.
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AGAINST RAIN
This standard specifies PPE Clothing used for working in
rain or snow, fog and ground humidity.
The garment and seams are tested for water penetration
(waterproofness) which gives a class 1,2 or 3 and water vapor resistance
(breathability) which also gives a class 1,2 or 3, where class 3 is the highest
level in both cases. The garment must achieve a result on both tests to be CE
marked with this symbol. The breathability of the garments are affected by its
construction and it is common for an unlined garment to reach EN 343 class 3:3
(same as the outer fabric) whilst lined garments in the same outer fabric only
achieve EN 343 class 3: 1. In these cases it is the lining in the garment that
affects the permeability of water vapor resistance (breathability).
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AGAINST COLD
This standard specifies PPE Clothing used when working in
It requires tests of resultant effective thermal insulation
(value in m²K/W), air permeability (shown as class 1,2 or 3) and resistance to
water penetration (shown as class 1 or 2). The garment must achieve results on
thermal insulation and air permeability to be CE marked.
EN 13034 TYPE PB
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AGAINST LIQUID CHEMICALS
This standard specifies PPE Clothing used where there is a
risk of a potential exposure to a light spray, liquid aerosols or low pressure,
low volume splashes against which a complete liquid permeation barrier (at a
molecular level) is not required.
This standard tests four different chemical types: Acid, Alkaline,
Aromatic Hydrocarbon and Alcohol. At least two out of four chemicals must pass
the test to be able to certify and CE mark the garments with this symbol and
the highest level is 3. The design of the garment is also a parameter in the CE
marking for chemical protection garments.
Chemicals that are tested in accordance to EN 13034: H2SO4
30% (Sulphuric acid), NaOH 10% (Sodium hydroxide also called lye and caustic
soda), O-xylene, Butanol Please note that FC finish used for EN 13034 certification
needs to be re-activated by heating the garment after each wash cycle. The
garment must also be re-impregnated when necessary. Industrial Laundries have
processes for doing this in the correct way. If you are working with other
chemicals or other concentrations of the above chemicals, please contact us for
information on the best fabric / garment solution for your risk assessment.
EN ISO 11611
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING FOR USE IN WELDING AND
This standard specifies PPE Clothing used in welding work
or allied processes where you have the risk of spatter (small splashes of
molten metal), short contact with flame, radiant heat from the arc, and risk of
electric shock by short-term, accidental contact with live electrical conductors
(at voltages up to approximately 100 V DC in normal conditions of welding).
The standard is divided in two different classes with
different levels of protection. The welding function of the fabric is tested
with 15 drops (class 1) or 25 drops (class 2) of molten metal. The design of
the garment is also a parameter in the CE marking of welding garments.
• Class 1 –
Protection against less hazardous welding techniques and situations, causing
lower levels of spatter and radiant heat.
• Class 2 –
Protection against more hazardous welding techniques and situations, causing
higher levels of spatter and radiant heat.
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING WITH ELECTROSTATIC
This standard specifies PPE Clothing used in explosive
environments (i.e. ATEX) where there is a risk that the garments could create
sparks (source of ignition), which in turn could ignite explosive materials.
To certify garments to this standard, the Anti-static
properties of the fabric are tested according to EN 1149-1(surface resistivity)
or EN 1149-3(charge decay). The design of the garment is also a parameter in
the certification and CE marking of Anti-static/ATEX garments.
EN ISO 14116
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING WITH LOWER LEVEL OF FLAME
The standard is often used for PPE clothing and accessories
with lower level Flame Retardant protection, such as High-Visibility vests,
rainwear, kneepads and socks.
It is divided into three classes, where index 3 is the
highest level. Index 3 garments should be worn in combination with EN ISO 11612
garments. (It is important to note that Index 1 garments should not be worn
next to skin.) This standard does not have a dedicated Symbol.
EN ISO 11612
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING TO PROTECT AGAINST HEAT AND
This standard specifies PPE Clothing when working where
there is a risk that the garments will come in to contact with heat and flame.
The standard is divided in different categories, where the code letters show
which heat and flame requirements the garment needs to fulfil. At least two categories
must be tested to be able to CE mark the garments. Code letter A1 and/or A2 is
mandatory and the result is included on the CE label together with this symbol.
The code letters are classified in different levels where the highest number is
the highest tested level. The design of the garment is also a parameter in the
CE marking for heat and flame garments.
When the fabric is tested for convective heat (B) and
radiant heat (C) you get two values. The first value is the time it takes for
the skin temperature underneath the fabric to increase to 12°C, this is when
you sense the heat. The second value is the time it takes for the skin
temperature to increase to 24°C, this is when you risk a second-degree burn.
The time for the temperature to increase from 12ºC to 24ºC is the time you have
to react and move away from the heat source.
If the fabric can resist molten aluminium it will normally
also be acceptable against molten aluminium bronze and molten minerals. If the
fabric can resist molten iron, it will normally be acceptable against molten
copper, molten phosphor bronze and molten brass.
A1, A2 – Requirements for limited flame spread; A1: Surface
ignition. A2: Edge ignition.
• B (1-3) –
Protection against convective heat and open flames
• C (1-4) –
Protection against radiant heat
• D (1-3) –
Protection against molten aluminium splash
• E (1-3) –
Protection against molten iron splash
• F (1-3) –
Protection against contact heat
The American Standard for protection against heat and flame
is called NFPA 2112. The biggest difference in the American Standard is the
char length test and that some tests are done after 100 washes. EN ISO 11612 is
an international standard also approved by the US.
LOI – LIMITED OXYGEN INDEX
LOI means the minimum concentration of oxygen (expressed as
a percentage) that would be required to support combustion of a fabric. It
determines the protection of the garment regarding relative flammability and
should be over 25%.
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AGAINST THE THERMAL HAZARD OF AN
This standard specifies PPE Clothing when there is a risk
of an Electric Arc – for instance when working with electricity on open
equipment or maintenance / switching work. Electric Arc garments come under PPE
Directive / PPE Legislation Category III. Fabric properties and garment design
are important parameters in the certification process of Electric Arc garments.
EN ISO20345:2011 giving 200 joule toe protection and EN ISO 20346:2014 Protective Footwear, giving 100 joule toe protection.
Electro Static Dissipative Footwear: ESD Footwear is designed specifically for
the electronic components manufacturing and assembly industries. ESD
conforms to EN 61340-5-1.
Footwear: Occupational Footwear conforms to EN ISO 20347:2012 standards.
– Tested on
ceramic tile contamination with Sodium Lauryl Sulphate.
SRB – Tested on smooth steel contamination with glycerol.
SRC – Passes both SRA and SRB Slip Tests.
OF SAFETY FOOTWEAR
and compression resistant 200 joule toe cap.
with antistatic construction and energy absorbant heel.
plus Water Resistant Upper.
plus Penetration Resistant Midsole to 1100 Newtons.
with Waterproof Polymer Upper.
with Penetration Resistant Midsole to 1100 Newtons.
requirements for occupational footwear met (contains no protective toe cap).
plus oil resistant sole, closed and energy absorbing seat region, and
plus water penetration resistance and cleated sole
plus oil resistant sole, energy absorbing seat region, antistatic
plus penetration resistance and cleated sole.
to High Heat 300°c
Energy Absorption 20 joules
Resistance 1100 Newtons
Penetration Resistant Uppers
Range 100kΩ – 1000MΩ
to fuel oil of outsole
Insulation of Sole Complex
Plastic Urethane (T.P.U.)
- a) Resistance to abrasion – rated
- b) Blade cut resistance – rated
- c) Tear resistance – rated 0-4
- d) Puncture resistance – rated
For this standard, and any below that use a score rating
system: the higher the score, the better the performance. 0 represents a fail.
X denotes no test was carried out.
Chemical and Micro-Organism
penetration by micro-organisms. Referred to as acceptance quality limit (AQL). Rated
1-3. Level 1 = AQL < 4.0 Level 2 =
AQL < 1.5 Level 3 = AQL < 0.65
Chemical and Micro-Organism
Resistance to chemical hazards.
Thermal Hazards (Heat and/or Fire)
Burning behaviour – rated 0-4
b) Contact heat – rated 0-4
c) Convection heat – rated 0-4
d) Radiant heat – rated 0-4
Small splashes of molten metal – rated 0-4
Large splashes of molten metal – rated 0-4
Protection from Cold
Resistance to convection cold – rated 0-4
b) Resistance to contact cold – rated 0-4
c) Permeability to water – rated 0-1